Built circa 1825, this sugar works and arrowroot starch factory was the industrial component to John Houston* McIntosh’s New Canaan Plantation. McIntosh was born in 1773 in what is now McIntosh County. After living for a time in Florida and involvement in a plot to annex East Florida, McIntosh came back to Georgia. He acquired two plantations in Camden County. Marianna was one and New Canaan, site of the sugar works seen here, was the other. Thomas Spalding of Sapelo Island is thought to have been his mentor in this enterprise. It’s located across from the entrance to Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay in a publicly accessible park on Charlie Smith Sr. Parkway (Georgia Highway 40 Spur).
*The Georgia Historical Society marker placed on the site over 50 years ago uses the spelling Houstoun for Mr. McIntosh’s middle name. I’m not sure why the discrepancy exists, but Taylor Davis has done more recent research, notably exposing the long-held “Spanish mission myth”, so I will defer to his his spelling.
More photos upcoming at: http://vanishingcoastalgeorgia.com/
George Clark brought Methodism to St. Marys in 1799 as a circuit-riding missionary. He organized the first congregation here as St. Marys Methodist Episcopal Church. They met in random locations until the construction of the first church building in 1812. It was a simple wood-frame structure, which had few improvements until the addition of a bell in 1838. It was replaced by the chapel illustrated here in 1858 and given to the black Methodists who moved it to a site near the current city hall. It was used until it was heavily damaged by a storm in 1949. A portion of the original altar, as well as the bell, were secured by Pastor Lynwood Jordan and can be seen in the chapel today. Modifications over the years saw the removal of a balcony (perhaps a slave gallery) in 1892 and the addition of a recess in 1913. I was very lucky on Easter Sunday to meet Karen Hoylman, who graciously gave fellow photographer Mike McCall and me a wonderful tour of the place, as well as a peek inside the modern church just next door, built in 1964.
Text of historic marker:
There were originally six wells one in each square, the only source of pure water for St. Marys, (until the tidal wave of 1818). On the day that the Father of the Country was buried at Mt. Vernon local services were also held throughout the nation. St. Marys citizens marched to the dock to meet a boat bearing a flag draped casket; bore it up Osborn St. and with due ceremony and firing of guns, buried it where the Well known as the “Washington Pump” now is.
To mark the spot, four oaks were planted and have since been known as the “Washington Oaks”. Only this one remains. This well was driven the year of Washington´s burial and has ever since been called the “Washington Pump”.
In 1987, the last remaining “Washington Oak” was removed.
General Floyd was born on 3 October 1769 in Beaufort, South Carolina, where he learned carpentry. In 1791, he moved with his father to Camden County and engaged in boat building. He served as a brigadier general during the Creek Wars from 30 August 1813 to 8 March 1814 and from 17 October 1814 to 10 March 1815.
From 1820 to 1827, Floyd was a member of the Georgia House of Representative. From 4 March 1827 to 3 March 1829, he served the state as a member of the U. S. House of Representatives. He died near Jefferson, Georgia on 24 June 1839.
This is currently being used as a beauty shop.
Founded as the non-denominational Union Church, St. Marys First Presbyterian is the oldest Presbyterian church in Georgia. Reverend Horace Pratt, who built Orange Hall, was the first minister.
For another view: