Glen Echo, Circa 1773, Bryan County

Glen Echo Plantation Bryan County GA Colonial and Antebellum Eras Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2016

Also known as the Bird-Everett-Morgan House, Glen Echo is the oldest house in Bryan County, and among the oldest in Georgia. The land on which it stands was part of a 400-acre king’s grant made to Abraham & Israel Bird and Hugh Bryan on 1 January 1771. Family lore suggests that construction on the house began in 1773. [While it’s unclear who built the house, an article by descendant and historian Kenneth Dillon Dixon in a 2014 issue of Richmond Hill Reflections notes: …it was likely built by Burgund Bird, as it descended to his son Sylvanus Bird’s family and it was built on land granted to his other son, Abraham Bird]. The Birds were millers and may have selected the land due to its proximity to two creeks. One of the creeks came to be known as Birds Mill Creek (now Mill Creek) and the other was Black Creek. By 1802, Andrew Bird, Sr., was in possession of the house. He had three sons, Andrew, Jackson, and Cyrus, and a daughter, Isabel. Isabel married a Salzburger descendant  named Joshua Smith in 1824.

Captain Albert Glenn Smith Bryan Independent Riflemen 1st Reg 25th Ga Civil War Tintype Courtesy of Kenneth Dillon DixonCaptain Albert Glenn Smith – Bryan Independent Riflemen, Tintype, 1861-3. Courtesy Kenneth Dillon Dixon

It was their son, Albert Glenn Smith, who eventually received the house and property from his mother’s bachelor uncles in the 1850s. At the time of his marriage to Elizabeth Van Brackle in 1858, Smith moved into the house and the moniker “Glen Echo” came into use. Twin sons were born to the couple around this time. At the outset of the Civil War, Smith owned 17 slaves and his estate was valued at nearly $10,000. A. G. Smith was a captain of the Bryan Independent Riflemen, 1st Company, 25th Georgia Volunteer Infantry and trained soldiers at nearby Fort McAllister. When Sherman’s troops made their approach to Savannah, breastworks were constructed on the property and though the house was spared, all of the outbuildings were burned and livestock set free. To a student of the Civil War, the survival of the house might seem quite extraordinary, but actually, orders mandated that only unoccupied houses be burned. At any rate, Captain Bird’s military prominence should have made his property a prime target. A. G. & Elizabeth Bird had ten children, the last of whom was born in 1876. Their heirs still own the property and maintain the historic family cemetery adjacent to the house.


Glen Echo Plantation House Antebellum Bryan County GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2016

The Plantation Plain appearance of the Glen Echo is generally advanced as evidence of the house being later than 1773, but 18th-century examples of this style do exist in the Carolinas. Numerous changes have been made to the house in its nearly 250-year history and most of the original structure has been obscured by additions and alterations. This is often the case with properties of such an age and it doesn’t deter from their historical significance and local importance. Interior details on the first floor are said to confirm the 18th-century construction date, especially the presence of iron HL hinges on some doors. “Shed rooms” were located at the rear of the house in its early incarnation, but as seen in the image above, an elongated attached kitchen replaced them at some point.

Glen Echo House Bryan County GA Haint Blue Shutters Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2016

The boxed cornice and returns, seen above, likely date to the early 19th century, and the brick chimney, replacing a stick-and-mud example, is thought to have been added around the turn of the last century. Outlines of earlier shutters indicate that different windows were in use, and the front porch is definitely a later addition.

Glen Echo Plantation House Bryan County GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2016

Today, this property is endangered by neglect and isolation. I’m hopeful that it will be restored in the near future, but that future is uncertain. Theft and vandalism have plagued the house in recent years, I’m told, and this is a real tragedy. To say that a house connected to one family in Georgia for nearly 250 years is of utmost importance is an understatement. The subjects of the following photos, also shared by Kenneth Dillon Dixon, are unidentified descendants of the Bird family, probably made between 1910-1930; he notes they’re definitely Mingledorfs, Morgans, or Smiths.

Bird Descendants at Glen Echo Plantation Bryan County GA Early 20th Century Photograph Courtesy Kenneth Dillon DixonBird Descendants at Glen Echo, 1920s-30s? – Courtesty Kenneth Dillon Dixon

Bird Descendant Looking at one of the old oaks at Glen Echo Plantation Bryan County GA Photograph Courtesy Kenneth Dillon DixonOld Oak at Glen Echo, 1930s? – Courtesty Kenneth Dillon Dixon




Filed under --BRYAN COUNTY GA--

16 responses to “Glen Echo, Circa 1773, Bryan County

  1. Verna Hood

    Very interesting!
    Love stories of southern history!

  2. glad to hear that historic preservation & restoration will begin, such an awesome site.

  3. Paul

    Good news: As of today, a trusted family member of the owner has the legal authority to begin historic preservation & restoration efforts.

  4. James Lanier

    Awesome, thank you for such fascinating subjects.

  5. Dee Rogers

    The outlines of the shutters are simply when they are pinned in the open position. In the picture they are in the closed position.

  6. Jason Kyle

    I live less than 5 minutes from there, I’ve explored it pretty well inside and out on numerous occasions, and it still never fails to take my breath away. I love that place and would love to see it restored to it’s formal glory.

  7. Glenn Perry

    Does anyone know who to contact to get permission to look at the house? Thanks.

  8. J.Burns

    I live right down the road from here. I’ve never seen it being patrolled. It has been vandalized terribly.

  9. tarobinsonsr

    Very busy and lengthy post, Brian – but full of neat information, as are most. Not all families are capable to rehabbing such a treasure, but it seems that there should be some historical funds to assist – even if that means allowing it to stand as a museum, in the future. Another good history lesson.

  10. Terri

    Love all your work that you do.

  11. Nancy Goff Waits

    Enjoyed reading the history of Glen Echo. Hope this important piece of GA history can be preserved.

  12. Jim

    Fascinating story and photos. To let a home this old crumble from neglect is a crime. Hopefully the family will either step in to save it. Not sure how you find all of these but thanks.

  13. Ben dooley

    Thanks Brian. It will be a downright crime if this house is lost. It’s age alone makes it a treasure for GA! Do the current owners even care? Wonder if the Georgia Trust is aware of this home?

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