Neilly, Georgia

Junior Pope’s Grocery Store

I pass abandoned stores like this often, and I do my best to notice them. Because many don’t have distinguishable architectural features, it’s easy to dismiss them. But it’s important to realize that if there was a store, there was a community that supported it. I’m honored to share Royce Neal’s history of the Neilly community (below). The words are his and if shared, credit should go to him, as well. [The road on which Pope’s Store is located is known today as Neely Road. Royce Neal notes that there have been several misspellings of the community over the years; this underscores the importance of documenting such communities.]

Remembering Neilly, Georgia

In Telfair County, Georgia in the almost forgotten community of Neilly, sitting on the North West corner of the intersection of county road 160 which is known as the Cedar Park Road coming out of McRae and county road 267 that is known as the Tom Haley Road coming out of Lumber City is the decaying remains of an old block building that at one time was known far and wide as Junior Pope’s Grocery store.

This old store and two churches are all that remain on the Thomas Jefferson Smith land that was known as Neilly. Tom’s father Christopher Columbus Smith and his wife Anna McEachin settled on this land around 1840. Christopher was the son of Campbell Smith from Robeson County, North Carolina. The Smith family were farmers and raised livestock in their early years there. Christopher was tax-collector of the county, and judge of the inferior court for some years. Christopher and Anna married in Montgomery County, Georgia in December 1839 and had eight children all born at Neilly, John Tyler, Thomas Jefferson, William L, Augustus A, Christopher Columbus, Joseph Henry, Franklin and Andrew J.

First Lieutenant Thomas Jefferson Smith and his brother Sgt. John Tyler served in the Civil War together, John Tyler was killed at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House in Virginia. He was buried there in the confederate cemetery but has a tombstone at Dodge’s Chapel Methodist Church at Neilly.

The Neilly community was named after Tom Smith’s wife Cornelia Ann McKay the daughter of Archibald and Mary McNeil McKay, their children were Frederick Augustus Smith and Eva Mae Smith Graham. They were married in 1874 after the death of her first husband Lauchin Hill Clements in 1870 who was buried in Clements Cemetery. They had one daughter, Kate E Clements Freeman. Cornelia Ann was called “Neilly” as her grave is marked “Neilly Ann Smith.” Neilly was the younger sister of Susannah McKay McEachin who was married to Alexander Saunders McEachin, all are buried at Dodges.

The two churches that remain on Neilly land today are a black church called Green Grove Baptist Church and a white church called Dodges Chapel Methodist Church both standing alone on the South and North borders of the land and both are still active churches. Dodges Chapel was established in 1886 on land given by the Dodge Lumber Co. Joseph Henry Smith is the oldest grave in that cemetery who died in December 1854, the six-year-old son of Christopher Columbus Smith who himself died on January 4, 1860, which means the cemetery existed as a family cemetery before Dodges Chapel Church was established.

A lot of Neilly’s history lies in the graves of Green Grove Church, Dodge’s Chapel and Powell Cemetery that is located just off of the northwest boundary of the Neilly property on what was then Charles Barney Powell’s property.

The heyday of Neilly came after the Civil War when Thomas Jefferson Smith got into the Navel Store business and built a Turpentine Still at Neilly. Neilly had a commissary, post office, and courthouse, which was established sometime earlier, a justice of peace court was provided in each community “militia district” for the purpose of trying minor civil cases these were also used as voting precincts. It also had a black school located on the property. That school building was bought by Robert Euris Neal in 1946 and was made into a home where he raised seven children.

Thomas Jefferson Smith was elected in 1872 to represent the 15th senatorial district in the general assembly for one term and in 1892 was again elected to represent the same district while still making his home at Neilly. Tom’s wife Neilly died in 1886 and He married Anna Eula Peterson the youngest child of Alexander McNeil Peterson and Ala McNatt in 1893. In 1900 they moved to McRae on Huckabee Street, they had three sons Thomas Jefferson Smith Jr., Alexander Peterson Smith, and Malcolm McNeil Smith, all were born at Neilly. Tom Smith was vice president of the Citizens Bank in McRae and also Mayor of McRae. He died in 1925 and is buried in the Oak Grove Cemetery in McRae.

The Neilly property around all the old houses and buildings is completely covered in a field now. All the houses are gone. The mule driven wagons are gone, the old wood structure turpentine still which lingered there until the end is gone, the sound of children playing is gone, even the sound of dogs barking has been stilled because of the passing of time, to be no more. The tree shadowed road running down through Neilly passing all the houses, Neilly lane, is only in the imagination of a few.

The old decaying store building still on the corner there is remembered by so few now. Junior Pope became the sole owner of Pope’s Grocery Store after 1958 when his brother Bud died. The store was originally owned by Charles Douglas Pope Sr. who died in 1953. The Neilly Community and the wider Powell Community that reached as for as Horse Creek to the West and Turnpike Creek on the East was a place of prosperity after the Civil War. Others in the Community besides the Smith Family had some means in those days but the descendants of many of those Neilly pioneers had almost all entered into the edges of poverty in the first half of the Twentieth Century. Actually until the 1960s and 70s.

I was raised there on property joining Neilly as the youngest of Robert Euris Neal’s children. One person from that community has said, we didn’t know how poor we were because we were all poor people. That same person also told me that nobody ever had any money to help pay for upkeep on Dodges Chapel Church and that it always fell to Will McEachin the grandson of Alexander Saunders McEachin to take care of most of that expense in those days.

This is where we return to the significance of that old decaying grocery store on that corner there for those times. Many folks in the neighborhood and even the surrounding communities sometimes struggled to put adequate food on their tables, many had no automobile, this was the case of both black and white families in those hard times, but because of that old store and its owners, Charles Douglas “Junior” Pope Jr. and his wife Grace they were there to help when anyone needed it. Junior ran a charge account with the people and worked with folks in every way possible and folks were able to survive properly until their crops came in or they had some money from some other source. They didn’t have to go without and in those days almost everyone was honest. When they had the money they paid their bills. It seems when you look back that Junior Popes Grocery was there by providence.

That grocery store and Junior Pope was placed in that community for that time. The store is gone now. Most of those people from that era are gone and for those living in that community today, poverty is gone. The memory of Junior Pope in the Neilly Community, him being the right man in the right place at the right time is not yet gone, but soon it will be.

Text © Royce Neal, 2020. Published on Vanishing South Georgia with permission.


Filed under --TELFAIR COUNTY GA--, Neilly GA

12 responses to “Neilly, Georgia

  1. Malcolm Smith III

    Thanks for writing this. I’ve been out to Dodge’s Chapel several years ago to see the memorial of John Tyler, although buried in Virginia. The local history is almost forgotten completely, but I am thankful that I came across this to learn just a little more.

  2. Johnny Smith

    I remember working as a teenager as an RC Cola route salesmen out of McRae and delivering to Jr. Pope. Jr. was a huge man and was known and respected by all

  3. Mary Lou Drury

    Great story. I was grew up in a rural store. We lived in the back of the store with the kitchen in full view of customers. My daddy ran “accounts “. Most folks paid regularly, but some took advantage of his kindness and generosity. I am sure he is being rewarded in heaven.
    Thanks Brian

  4. Thanks for writing about the town. Is is great to see that the heritage of an area will not be lost because of post like these.

  5. Fred Gleaton

    About 25 years ago, driving along I-16 and returning from Savannah, I chanced to hear one of my daughters speaking on her phone in the back seat. She replied to an unknown caller that she was “somewhere in the middle of nowhere.” This was followed by an impromptu “dad lecture” that her characterization of the location, in Telfair County, was erroneous and offensive to the people who lived there and their ancestors. That lecture has passed into oft-recalled family history and always prompts a call from my daughter while she drives down I-16 and passes through the piney woods of Telfair County, reminding me that she is not “in the middle of nowhere.” The story of Neilly community was sadly familiar to a South Georgia boy and right on the money for the point I made to my daughter. I very much enjoyed the story.. as always, thanks Brian.

  6. Connie McGhee

    I enjoyed this bit of the history of the little store. We had a little store that “ran accounts” a mile from my farm home. I sometimes got dispatched to ride my bicycle to pick up a needed ingredient for Momma’s baking or dinner that evening. I appreciate him sharing with you, and you with us.

  7. Sharon

    Thank you for this history. It’s beautiful!

  8. Ken Fuller

    So good and as it was in most of rural GA from the indian treaty days through the great depression and WWII. My grandmother ran a grocery/gas station off my grandfather’s earnings from the rail road in order to help the poor on the east side of Fitzgerald. The hugh account bill tickets were still in the old account book when the store closed in the 50’s. Many people came by to pay their account when jobs became available, even after to store had been closed for years.
    There are the ruins of many of those old stores still standing.

  9. Beth Haymons Scarborough

    Beautifully written and spot on accurate. Thank you Royce for honoring our shared past as neighbors.

  10. Deb

    Loved reading the history that went with the photo! Thank you!!

  11. Maarty Barnes

    How nice to receive these historic photos and comments during this worrisome time in our country. Thanks.

  12. Lynne Stanfield

    Fascinating! Thanks!

    Sent from my iPad


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.