Category Archives: Louisville GA

Jefferson County Courthouse, 1904, Louisville

Jefferson County GA Courthouse Louisville on Site of Old State Capitol Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2014

Designed by Louisville native son Willis Franklin Denny, a famed architect of his time with many surviving structures in Atlanta and Augusta to his credit on the National Register of Historic Places, the current Jefferson County Courthouse was built on the site of the old state capitol.

Jefferson County GA Courthouse Louisville on Site of Old State Capitol Building Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2014

The historic marker for the old state capitol reads: Georgia’s Capitol was on this site (1794-1807). Colonists on the coast had urged a location on higher ground “with good drinking water”. The famous constitutional convention of 1798 was held here and the document then adopted lasted for 70 years. Georgia’s Great Seal, still in use, was adopted here in 1799. Governors who served here were Jared Irwin, James Jackson, David Emanuel, Josiah Tattnall and John Milledge.

Another marker regarding the Yazoo Fraud reads: The notorious “Yazoo Fraud” act was passed and later repealed in the old state capitol that stood here 1794-1807. The 1794 Georgia legislature sold 35,000,000 acres of land along the Yazoo River in what is now Alabama and Mississippi at 1 1/2 cents per acre. James Jackson resigned as U. S. Senator to run for the Georgia legislature and urge repeal of the Yazoo act. He succeeded in 1796. The act itself and all records of it were burned on the grounds here “with fire from heaven” aided by a sunglass. The U. S. Supreme Court upheld the land sales. Congress paid Georgia $1,250,000 for the Yazoo territory (1802), then paid the land buyers $4,000,000 (1810). The land went into the new states of Alabama and Mississippi.

 

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Old County Health Office, Louisville

Louisville GA Jefferson County Courthouse Lawn Brick Italianate Outbuilding Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2014

This quaint old building is located on the courthouse lawn. It seems out of place, and judging by what appear to be handmade bricks, I’d guess it’s older than the courthouse itself. Luke Moses notes that it was used as the office of the county commission for a time and then by the registrar. Andrew P. Wood makes an interesting point: “The original courthouse in Louisville was constructed from bricks salvaged from the old state capitol. As this is clearly a turn of the century building, I wonder if the handmade bricks used in this building may have also been from the old state capitol, reused once again when the old courthouse was demolished“. More research is needed.

Louisville GA Jefferson County Courthouse Lawn Handmade Brick Italianate Outbuilding Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2014

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Old Jefferson County Jail, 1890s, Louisville

 Old Jefferson County Jail House Louisville GA Photograph Copyrght Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2014

As was common in the earlier days of South Georgia, sheriffs and their families often lived in jails. During his 32 years of service to Jefferson County, Sheriff Zollie Compton and his family lived in this jail until his retirement in 1992.

Louisville Commercial Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Restored Chero-Cola Mural, Louisville

Chero-Cola Mural Restored Louisville GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2014

Columbus grocer Claud A. Hatcher emerged in 1905 as a competitor to Coca-Cola. He began with Royal Crown Ginger Ale, changed the company focus and name to Cher0-Cola in 1910, to Nehi in 1925 and when Rufus Kamm reformulated the ingredients in 1934, it became Royal Crown, or RC, Cola, as it is still known today.

Louisville Commercial Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Jefferson Hotel, 1923, Louisville

Old Jefferson Hotel Louisville GA Queensborough Bank Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2014

This Spanish Eclectic landmark, located directly across Broad Street from the courthouse, was recently restored by the Queensborough National Bank & Trust Company for use as its operations center. Visible at the far left of the building is the old coffee shop, which was operated for years as Pansy’s by Pansy Agerton. Known as Foster’s today, it’s still a local favorite for good wholesome food.

Louisville Commercial Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Neoclassical Cottage, Louisville

Classical Revival House Broad Street Louisville GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2014

I believe this is now the office of the county commission.

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Farmer House, Louisville

Old House on Broad Street Louisville GA Jefferson County Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2014

Thanks to Luke Moses for the identification.

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