Category Archives: –MARION COUNTY GA–

Pasaquan, Marion County

Pasaquan Eddie Owens Martins House Marion County GA Outsider Art Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

This 1885 vernacular farmhouse brought Eddie Owens Martin back to Marion County in the mid-1950s and helped forever change the artscape of Georgia. But of course, there’s more to the story.  As evidenced by the Pasaquoyan totems which greet visitors at the front door, Martin didn’t consider this place on par with the backwoods landscape that cradled it. Rather, it was a universe all its own and his life’s work was the manifestation of that mythology.

Pasaquan Marion County GA 1885 Vernacular Farmhouse Entrance Totems Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

Eddie Owens Martin was born on 4 July 1908 to poor white sharecroppers Julius Roe and Lydia Pearl Martin. In 1922, to escape the rural life and his father’s abuse, he left and eventually settled in New York City. In the mid-1930s, Martin had a high fever which resulted in a series of visions in which three “people of the future” from a place called Pasaquan selected him to depict a peaceful future for human beings. After receiving these visions, Martin began using the name St. EOM (pronounced Ohm), EOM being the acronym for Eddie Owens Martin. He spent another two decades in New York, waiting tables and telling fortunes. Upon his mother’s death in 1950, Martin was willed this house and the surrounding acreage. He returned a few years later and set about creating the Land of Pasaquan, as foretold in his earlier visions.

Pasaquan Outsider Art Universe of St EOM Buena Vista GA Restorations in Progress Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

This visionary universe was literally created from the ground up, with St. EOM and the occasional assistant pouring concrete walls and creating eclectic outbuildings. Martin was an eccentric above all else and in a small town where most people were wearing jeans and overalls, his brightly colored flowing robes and long hair and beard, worn in varying styles, were a bit out of place. He was a celebrated fortune teller, as well, and Debbie Brazil recalls: “Went there many times with my Mama, for him to tell her fortune. The yard would be full of cars from Georgia, Florida, Alabama, and one Sunday I remember one from Lousiana. Folks came from all around to see him.”  This suggests that he had a wide circle of associates who visited Pasaquan from time to time. Locals have said that he was tolerated because he helped keep some of the local stores in business buying so much material for Pasaquan. Other than a few friends and associates, he never quite fit in. His art received little attention in his lifetime. He committed suicide in 1986 and bequeathed Pasaquan to the Marion County Historical Society. A great profile from Tom Patterson, who literally wrote the book on St. EOM, can be found at Bomb Magazine. Subsequently, thanks in large part to the work of folklorist and documentarian Fred Fussell, a group known as Friends of Pasaquan was established to perpetuate Martin’s legacy. I’d like to personally thank Fred for pointing me in the right direction as to this photo project, as well.

Pasaquan Buena Vista GA Unrestored Totem Outsider Art of St EOM Eddie Owens Martin Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

Even with the active involvement of the Friends of Pasaquan, the intervening years haven’t been kind to the place St. EOM left behind. Weather and time have taken their toll. But now, thanks to the generous involvement of the Kohler Foundation, the fading paint and cracking concrete (as seen on the totem above) that were beginning to threaten the very existence of this place, are being stabilized and given new life by a team of art conservators, assisted by art students from Columbus State University under the direction of professor Mike McFalls.

Pasaquan Buena Vista GA Shane Winter & Columbus State University Student Repairing Rebuilding Stone Wall Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

Upon completion of the project, the Kohler Foundation will gift the site to Columbus State University (CSU) which will oversee it. The vast majority of St. EOM’s archival drawings, paintings and sculpture, long housed here, have already been transferred to CSU.

Pasaquan Restorations by Kohler Foundation Marion County GA Outsider Art St EOM Walls Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

Totems are a common form here, as well as irregularly shaped concrete walls, embellished with various sculptural medallions.

Pasaquan Marion County GA Restorations Outsider Art Eddie Owens Martin Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

Art restorer John Salhus from Parma Conservation in Chicago has been the primary paint conservationist. Here’s a totem he’s working on that really illustrates the scope of the project. Note that one side is painted and the other, with concrete stabilization evident, is still bare.

Pasaquan Totem Restoration John Salhus Kohler Foundation Eddie Owens Martin Buena Vista GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

Shane Winter, from International Artifacts in Houston, has been painstakingly leading the concrete stabilization and reconstruction.

Pasaquan Buena Vista GA Restoration by Kohler Foundation Shane Winter Reworking Concrete Walls Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

The pagoda, set atop concrete piers, is the first and last thing you see at Pasaquan. It’s a highly unusual form in these parts.

Pasaquan Pagoda St EOM Buena Vista GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

The mural of the cross is particularly eye-catching. It’s centered on a wall depicting the galaxy (some galaxy) beneath colored circles of tin. The scalloped pressed tin is a recurring theme at Pasaquan.

Pasaquan Pagoda Cross Mural Buena Vista GA Eddie Owens Martin St EOM Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

Erika Nelson, an art conservator based in Lucas, Kansas, has been busy documenting every inch of the pagoda before restoration can begin. Erika is an independent artist and educator who has traveled around the country documenting Outsider artists and the environments they create, as well as roadside vernacular architecture.

Pasaquan Marion County GA Erika Nelson Restoring Pagoda Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

The pagoda is located beside what was essentially Eddie Martin’s sand box, a ceremonial space where he often did mystical dances.

Pasaquan Pagoda Being Restored by Erika Nelson Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

This visually complex meditation space is located directly behind the main house.

Pasaquan St. EOM Eddie Owens Martin Marion County GA Altar Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

It incorporates mandalas inside and out, so it was likely a temple or altar room by St. EOM’s imagining.

Pasaquan Marion County GA St EOM Mandala Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

Here it is from the outside, just as fascinating. That’s John Salhus, in the far distance, meticulously painting the wall.

Pasaquan Structures St EOM Buena Vista GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

To the rear of the main house is this whimsical space, which St. EOM used as his studio.

Pasaquan Buena Vista GA Whimsical Architecture St EOM Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

This entryway contains nearly all the elements that can be found throughout the grounds.

Pasaquan Door Post St EOM Eddie Owens Martin Restorations Marion County GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

A unique chimney serves as a visual anchor between the studio and main house.

Pasaquan Marion County GA St EOMs House Chimney Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

The area leads around the side of the house toward the carport, connected by more of St. EOM’s whimsical walls.

Pasaquan Carport and Wall Restorations in Progress Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

In a small valley just to the right is a temple that hasn’t been completely restored.

Pasaquan Eddie Owens Martin ST EOM Unrestored Building with Big Eyes Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

Here’s one of several geometrically-influenced wall designs.

Pasaquan St EOM Marion County GA Outsider Artscape Geometric Wall Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

This wall medallion features a Pasaquoyan in a “gravity suit”. Watch out for the folks from Ancient Aliens. They’ll make a connection…

Pasaquan Wall Medallion High Haired Spirit Restorations by Kohler Foundation John Salhus Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

One section of wall is topped with snake sculptures. I’ve read that locals (children, mostly, I suppose) believed that St. EOM had a herd of trained rattlesnakes who acted as his protectors.

Pasaquan St. EOM Eddie Owens Martin Snake Wall Sculpture Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

And here’s my favorite from a section of wall containing colorful depictions of Pasaquoyans.

Pasaquan Outsider Art St EOM Buena Vista GA Wall Mural Face Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

National Register of Historic Places

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Old Marion County Courthouse, 1848, Tazewell

Tazewell GA Early Marion County Courthouse Masonic Hall Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

One of just five surviving antebellum frame courthouses in the state, the Tazewell (pronuounced TAZ-well) example has also long been home to the Marion Lodge #14, Free & Accepted Masons, which was established in 1838. In his excellent and highly recommended The Courthouse & the Depot, Wilber W. Caldwell writes: “…The county’s first courthouse, a simple log structure, rose about 7 miles from Tazewell at the village of Horry shortly after the creation of the new county. In 1838, the county seat moved to Tazewell , and a second court building was erected there. That building burned in 1845, and this sturdy heart pine courthouse was begun the following year. Completed in 1848, the building hosted only one court session, before voters of Marion County elected to move the county seat to the village of Pea Ridge, which they renamed Buena Vista to commemorate the recent American victory in the Mexican American War…”

National Register of Historic Places

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Birdhouse, Tazewell

Tazewell GA First Marion County Seat Folk Art Bird House Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

Located on the grounds of the 1848 courthouse, this birdhouse is an exaggerated folk art version of its host.

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Tazewell School, Marion County

Old Tazewell School House Marion County GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

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Marion County Courthouse, 1850, Buena Vista

Marion County Courthouse Buena Vista GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

Marion County is likely unique in that it has two antebellum courthouses still standing, this one and the one at Tazewell. The brick for this courthouse was fired locally. A remodel in the 1890s transformed it from a plain vernacular appearance to its present Neoclassical style. It was modernized in the 1960s.

buena vista ga thaddeus oliver monument photograph copyright brian brown vanisning south georgia usa 2010

There is a second confederate monument on the lawn. Though his claim to sole authorship of the famed Civil War poem and song, “All Quiet Along the Potomac Tonight” is now disputed, Thaddeus Oliver (b. 25 December 1826 in Twiggs County) remains one of Georgia’s favorite Confederate sons. In 1850 he went to Marion County and taught at the Buena Vista Academy, was admitted to the bar in 1852, and was serving as Solicitor General of the Chattahoochee Circuit when he mustered into Confederate service on 15 April 1861. He died of wounds in a Charleston hospital on 21 August 1864.  His famous poem was purportedly written at Aqula Creek, Virginia, in August 1861. He is buried about ten miles west of Hawkinsville (Georgia Highway 26 at Loggins Road).

National Register of Historic Places

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Confederate Monument, 1916, Buena Vista

Confederate Monument Buena Vista GA Marion County Courthouse Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

Located on the grounds of the historic courthouse, Marion County’s confederate monument was dedicated by Mrs. Minnie S. Weaver, local UDC Chairman, on 23 August 1916. A crowd of over 2,000 came out to hear the Honorable W. B. Short and Lucian Lamar Knight deliver the keynote addresses. This was the last Confederate monument dedicated in Georgia in the Confederate commemoration era. The 12-foot-high ornamental bench, known as an exedra, is unique among Georgia’s official monuments.

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4th Avenue Storefronts, Buena Vista

Historic Buena Vista GA Downtown Storefronts Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing South Georgia USA 2015

These are located just down the street from Clements Hardware and Marion Drugs.

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